A Brief Note:  Some if not all of these pictures can be depressing.  I indeed struggled over which among them I could lay out. For those I eventually did, I decided that they were simply history – things that really actually happened.  These pictures are not here to disgrace The Old China in any form.  On the contrary, they are here to illustrate the dire circumstance of this – or any natural disasters – as well as when help has not always been given in a timely manner in any countries during any eras including what we call today "the modern era" in the West.  These pictures are here because they can accentuate what The Old China had to struggle through to achieve their Today over the past 85 years.  Only in remembrance of one’s past, one can truly be proud of one’s present.

Shelters by the Episcopal Church.

The Great Flood of 1930s <长江洪水泛滥 1930年代>: Refugees and Camps

Temporary Schools Were Set Up Inside The Water of Life Hospital Compound for Refugee Children:

"Opening Day at school for refugee children on WLH property. Some of the students in the refugee school {OC}"

"Flood Refugees, 1935 {OC}"

"One of the major refugee encampment. {OC}"

The Sheer Scale of It All:  "Refuge camps,Kiukiang (the left one taken by Mr. Todd).  These are among the five major locations in Kiukiang where refugees are staying in temporary straw huts. Showing individual huts occupied by refugees. Remember that this is not equatorial Africa and cold weather has begun. Kiukiang is just one of many,many places where there are refugees {OC}"  {OC} = ORIGINAL CAPTIONS

​Yangtze River By The Hudson Ba​y

"Refugees and their worldly possessions in bundles at the hospital back gate. Some beginning to return to their homes. Kuikiang,China,Spring,1932 {OC}"

"At old WLH temporary wooden structures for refugees, 1932 {OC}"

Shelters by Kiukiang Pagodas on higher grounds: The one in the left photo is called 锁江楼塔 right by The Yangtze River; the one in the right photo is 大胜塔 near W.L.H. on Ta-Ling Road (塔玲路):


"Part of a refugee camp near the river pagoda,Kiukiang {OC}"

"Taken in November,1931;notice the Coffins {OC}"

II = = = = = 9 = = = = T = = = = 0 = = = = T = = = = 5 = = = = 4 II = = II 3 = = = = T = = = = 1 = = = = 0 = = = = 1 = = = = T = = = = 3 II = = II 4 = = = = 5 = = = = T = = = = 0 = = = = T = = = = 9 = = = = = II

"One of the five major locations in Kiukiang where refugees live. These straw huts have better roof matting; but there was a terrible fire the Night of January 6, 1932.  The fire started at 11 PM. {OC}"

"Poor little refugee huts with matting or straw roofs that leak;

huts built of bricks on Catholic property; bricks were for Catholic Seminary for nuns.{OC}"

"One of our special friends.  He has learned early to carry the burdens. {OC}"

Refugee Camps on the Higher Grounds of Kiukiang, Kiangsi (江西, 九江)

Many of Those Camps Were Set Up Quite Close to The Water of Life Hospital <九江生命活水醫院>

"A row of refugee huts at the back of the Water of Life Hospital. {OC}"

"Refugees migrated from north. {OC}"